Dr. Pierre Bouhanna’s hair treatment center is specialized in examining the scalp of androgenetic alopecia, traction alopecia and hair transplantation in patients with Afro hair.
The hair implant
Hair transplantation gives Afro-American patients, male or female, a definitive aesthetic correction of the majority of hair issues. A prior dermatological assessment will allow the diagnosis of the cause. The main reasons for treatment are androgenetic alopecia in men and women and the resulting, secondary effects of traction alopecia.
Long hair follicular unit transplants (FUL)
The FUL graft, without prior shaving, will be chosen more often because the density of the donor area is often mediocre.
The technique of long hair follicular units (FUL) has been described by Dr. Pierre Bouhanna. Without prior shaving, a strip of scalp is removed. The donor area is completely closed by sutures or staples. The scar will be very fine, linear, horizontal and almost invisible thanks sometimes to the trichophyte closure. The sampling in the middle of the back area in principle avoids a hypertrophic or keloid scar. The strip is then cut under a microscope into small follicular units of 1 to 3 hairs.
The advantages for the patient are:
- No shaving of the donor area of hair grafts FUL
- In one session 2000 hairs can be transplanted
- Small cuts that are visible for about 12 days are hidden by long hair.
For the surgeon the advantages of the FUL graft are:
- A better appreciation of the orientation and the angle of the hair
- A better choice at the anterior frontal line, fine or thick hair, dark or light
Hair Implants by Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
FUE will mostly be suggested for patients who shave their scalp.
The scalp of the back area is first shaved. The method involves extracting intact follicular units (FUEs) directly into the donor area using tiny cylinders of 0.8 mm diameter. This technique allows the implantation of approximately 1000 to 2000 hairs per session.
FUE transplants are mainly recommended in patients:
- Who shave the scalp regularly
- Who are not placed to go completely bald or have excessive bald patches
Male androgenetic alopecia
- For stage I, implantation of about 1000 hairs
- For Stage II, implantation of 2000 Hairs
- For stage III, implantation of up to 4000 implanted hairs
Female androgenetic alopecia
- For stage I, implantation of about 1,000 hairs
- For Stage II, implantation of 1500 hairs
- For Stage III, implantation of up to 2000 implanted hairs
Final traction alopecia
Repeated hair strain (also known as traction) (e.g. chemical hair treatments, straighteners, braids, hairpieces, etc.) often cause a definite alopecia of the frontal-temporal region.
The transplantation of hair grafts according to various new processes is a useful complement to African American patients. It is thus possible to correct most of the defects permanently.